Aligns with articles 1 and 5 in the Terra Carta mandate
Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance
Making flood resilience a way of life in climate-vulnerable communities.
The Flood Threat
Floods affect more people globally than any other type of natural hazard and cause huge economic, social, and humanitarian losses.
Between 2010-2019, floods impacted more than 673 million people. Climate change combined with population growth, urbanization and economic development will make flooding worse in many regions. Yet the poorest and worst affected by man-made climate change bear little responsibility for causing the problem, and often lack resources to cope.
Affected people usually know best how and where to focus resilience activities for maximum impact. Yet, despite the impact of floods being experienced most severely by communities, decisions that affect their resilience are often made at global and national levels where their voices are not heard.
Sanya with her birds outside the raised poultry coup which keeps them safe during monsoon floods in Faridpur, Bangladesh.
The pace of worsening climate hazards is overwhelming capacities to cope. Without significantly increased investment this gap will continue to grow. We know that pre-event investment reduces the losses and damages caused by floods. Every $1 invested in flood risk reduction can save on average $5 in future losses.
SUMI, FARIDPUR, BANGLADESH, A RECIPIENT OF EARLY WARNING ALERTS IN BANGLADESH DURING 2020 MONSOON
During previous floods we could not prepare as we rarely received any flood early warning in this remote area. I am very happy this year as every member of my family is safe and healthy despite the pandemic and flood.
Insurance can be an important part of the solution alongside other strategies, but it doesn’t yet work in poor communities.
Building Flood Resilience With Vulnerable Communities
Practical Action is working with communities to make resilience a way of life, by advising people how to adapt and plan for flood events. By 2025, they aim to have enhanced risk knowledge systems so that 4 million people living in climate-vulnerable communities are better protected.
Believing it can be more effective working with others, Practical Action has been a member of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance since it was established in 2013 by the Zurich Insurance Group and funded by the Zurich Foundation .
The Alliance brings together risk expertise from within the private sector, research institutes, and humanitarian and civil society organisations who share the common vision that floods should have no negative impact on people’s and business’ ability to thrive. It sets out to:
Increase funding for flood resilience
Improve policies at global, national, and sub-national levels
Improve flood resilience practice
Together with Alliance partners, Practical Action works with local people across the globe, using the innovative Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities approach to help them understand why they’re at risk, plan interventions that build resilience and empower them to have a say in how development and disaster risk reduction investment happens.
They generate evidence of what works by demonstrating simple, ingenious solutions, building on local resources and capacities. They use the online Flood Resilience Portals, managed by Practical Action, to broker the Alliance’s own and others’ knowledge. They target practitioners, organisations, institutions, and decision-makers who design and implement flood resilience policy and practices.
They use the evidence gained from their own and their partners’ work and research to influence decision makers at all levels to invest in climate change adaptation and resilience. And where adaptation is no longer an option, to encourage those with the means and responsibility to pay for the losses and damages incurred.
Creating Change At Scale
Floods are not the only hazard facing poor and marginalized communities. Increasing climate events are forcing more people to migrate. Often to nearby urban centres, placing additional pressure on rapidly expanding urban communities, exacerbating disaster risk.
While their focus is on flooding, Practical Action’s experience of what works for floods can inform multi-hazard risk reduction.
SARAH ROBERTS, CEO, PRACTICAL ACTION
The Alliance demonstrates how an unusual collaboration, combining knowledge, expertise, networks, innovation from the private sector and non-governmental organisations can change systems in ways that dramatically improve outcomes for millions of people
They are looking to transfer approaches to analysis and planning for more urban contexts and other hazard types (such as extreme heat).
Flooding is just one consequence of the climate emergency and as cities continue to grow rapidly, millions of new urban poor are becoming vulnerable to serious consequences from heat stress. There is chronic underfunding for reducing these risks and building resilience to climate impacts.
Practical Action and the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance intend to apply their experience to tackle a broader range of climate risks in the future, including in towns and cities. This will require a fundamental shift in financing for resilience building. The benefits are huge and urgently needed.
MAKING AN IMPACT
In Peru, 30,000 people annually are using weather information services that Practical Action has helped establish for their daily planning. Their team is developing a regional Early Warning System collaboration across the Pacific Coastal river basins of Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador in partnership with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre and Peruvian government services.
In Bangladesh, they recently launched a National Disaster Alert mobile app jointly with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief that connects local volunteers to government response teams ensuring a better coordinated response, maximizing efficiency and reducing duplication.
In Nepal, they have created 89 Community Disaster Management Committees (CDMCs) who are connected to local governments. Early Warning System (EWS) lead times have increased from 2-3 hours, to 5-7 hours, and loss of life is lower where we work compared to in river basins without EWS.
140,698 people in Peru, Nepal, and Bangladesh have access to early warning systems, thanks to Practical Action’s support.
The Alliance continues to share best practice to support flood resilience practitioners through the online knowledge-sharing flood resiliance portal and regional flood portals in local languages. Their five portals have had almost 130,000 visits in 2021, more than 15,000 knowledge products accessed and close to 66,000 blog views.